FIFTEEN NEW LEARNING RESOURCES in science & social studies
have been added to FREE. They're described below.
FREE makes finding federal learning resources easier:
provides interactive tutorials on biology, geology, astronomy,
& atmospheric sciences. Biology topics include ecosystems,
energy, producers & consumers, & the cycle of matter. Geology
topics include the effects of heat & pressure on states of
matter, density, convection, plate tectonics, volcanoes, the
carbon cycle, earth's magnetic field, & radiation. (NASA)
"Engineering Design Challenges"
offers students the chance to tackle challenges faced by NASA
engineers who are developing the next generation of aerospace
vehicles. The challenges: thermal protection systems,
spacecraft structures, electrodynamic propulsion systems,
propellers, & personal satellite assistants. Students design,
build, test, re-design, & re-build models that meet specified
design criteria, using the same analytical skills as
"Liberty Ships & Victory Ships, America's Lifeline in War"
tells the story of two World War II ship-building efforts. In
1941, with war raging in Europe, President Roosevelt
authorized the production of 441-foot cargo ships. These
"Liberty ships" proved too slow & small, so in 1943, a new
effort began building "Victory ships," which cruised at 18.5
mph, compared to the Liberty's 12.5 mph. By the war's end,
2,751 Liberty & 531 Victory ships had been built.
offers documents from our fourth President, James Madison.
Most relate to two events: the drafting & ratification of the
Constitution (1787-8) & the introduction in the First Federal
Congress of the amendments (1789) that became the Bill of
Rights. Other documents relate to the freedom of religion &
the burning of Washington, D.C., by the British in 1814 --
perhaps the major embarrassment of Madison's career. (LOC)
"A Nation Repays Its Debt: The National Soldiers' Home & Cemetery
in Dayton, Ohio"
tells how the federal government created a network of
"soldiers' homes" & national cemeteries to honor Civil War
veterans. The 110-acre Dayton cemetery contains the remains
of veterans from the Revolutionary War, the Civil War, the War
of 1812, the Mexican War, the Spanish American War, & all 20th
century military conflicts. (NPS,TwHP,NRHP)
"The Penniman House: A Whaling Story"
focuses on one of the most successful whaling captains in New
England. Edward Penniman was 11 in 1842 when he signed on as
cook on a schooner. Years later, as a captain, he set sail
from New Bedford seven times to hunt whales. The trips
generally took several years each. Letters indicate he did
not like life at sea, but the money allowed him to afford a
large ornate house, which is featured at this site, along with
a brief a history of whaling in America. (NPS,TwHP,NRHP)
"Rivers, Edens, Empires: Lewis & Clark & the Revealing of America"
looks at historical maps, relations with Indians, & expedition
artifacts -- the blunderbuss, Jefferson's secret message to
Congress, his instructions for Meriwether Lewis, & speeches.
Subsequent expeditions of America are also examined, including
those by Lieutenant Zebulon Pike, Thomas Freeman, Major
Stephen Long, Father de Smet, & John Fremont. (LOC)
"Reflections: Russian Photographs, 1992-2002"
shows photos from the years following the collapse of the
Soviet Union. Images include protests & religious ceremonies,
soldiers & workers, Red Square & Siberia, reindeer breeders &
ice fishermen, Boris Yeltsen, the Kursk nuclear submarine
disaster, & more. The photos were shot for the "Moscow
Times," the first English language daily newspaper ever
printed in Russia. (LOC)
"The Siege & Battle of Corinth: A New Kind of War"
tells the story of two Civil War engagements near Corinth, a
small Mississippi town established in the 1850s where two
railroads crossed. On October 2, 1862, Confederates attacked
Union forces that occupied the town & that had built extensive
entrenchments & earthworks (which are featured at this
website). By nightfall the next day, 2,360 Union & 4,848
Confederate men were dead or wounded. (NPS,TwHP,NRHP)
"The United States Air Force Academy: Founding a Proud Tradition"
recounts the history of aviation & the military: aviation's
introduction into the military during World War I, Germany's
use of air power early in World War II, Pearl Harbor, the
Berlin Airlift, Hiroshima & Nagasaki, & President Eisenhower's
declaration that our first line of defense would be an air
atomic strike force. The site examines the design of the Air
Force Academy, authorized in 1954 after 30 years of struggle.
"Voices for Votes"
involves students in examining primary source documents
related to the women's suffrage movement. Students identify
methods used to change attitudes about suffrage for women &
then create original documents encouraging citizens to vote in
current elections. (LOC)
"War & Peace"
exhibits photos, maps, & documents related to America's wars.
Features include a Civil War timeline, letters from soldiers,
homefront contributions during World War I & II, American
women workers during World War II, man-on-the-street
interviews after Pearl Harbor, "The Stars & Stripes" newspaper
(for Army troops in France 1918-19), Winston Churchill, the
Marshall Plan, Ansel Adam's book of photos of a World War II
internment camp, & the Veterans History Project. (LOC)
"We the People"
features drafts of the Declaration of Independence & the
Gettysburg Address, papers of George Washington & Thomas
Jefferson, an Emancipation Proclamation timeline, slave codes,
images of presidential inaugurations, how elections have
changed, documents on policies aimed to keep peace between
white settlers & Native Americans (1783-1815), duties of the
President & other governmental officials in 1825, the role of
religion in the founding of the colonies, & more. (LOC)
"Witness & Response: September 11 Acquisitions"
presents photos, prints, eye-witness accounts, headlines,
books, magazines, songs, maps, & videotapes related to
September 11, 2001. Photos of ground zero taken during &
after the attacks by news photographers in New York City are
included, as are press reactions from around the world. The
role maps played in the recovery effort is examined. (LOC)
"Zoom into Maps"
offers hundreds of historical maps -- maps showing European
exploration of the Americas; migration, population, & economic
activity; the growth of roads, railways, canals, river
systems, telephone systems, telegraph routes, & radio
coverage; landforms, recreational, & wilderness areas; troop
movements, battle routes, & campsites during major U.S.
military conflicts; & more. The collection features a 2003
map of U.S. congressional districts. (LOC)
LOC -- LOC
NASA -- NASA
NPS,TwHP,NRHP -- Nat'l Park Service, Teaching with Historic
Places, Nat'l Register of Historic Places
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